SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH

RESEARCH

Crystalina research counts with  fact-checking and invaluable contributions from:

. JILL TARTER - Named one of Time 100 most influential people in the world - Jill Tarter holds the Bernard M. Oliver Chair for SETI Research at the SETI Institute in Mountain View, California. Tarter has a Master’s Degree and a Ph.D. in Astronomy from the University of California, Berkeley. She served as Project Scientist for NASA’s SETI program, the High Resolution Microwave Survey, and has conducted numerous observational programs at radio observatories worldwide. Currently, she serves on the management board for the Allen Telescope Array, at the Hat Creek Radio Observatory, it will simultaneously survey the radio universe for known and unexpected sources of astrophysical emissions, and speed up the search for radio emissions from other distant technologies by orders of magnitude. In addition to her scientific leadership at NASA and SETI Institute, Tarter’s work has brought her wide recognition in the scientific community.  Tarter is the astronomer who Inspired Jodi Foster’s character In the feature film ‘Contact’.

. EDWARD AUSTIN and the ISS TEAM - Project  Manager at the International Space Station Team at NASA Ames Research Center.

. DR. SETH SHOSTAK -  Senior Astronomer for the SETI Institute and former Director of Center for SETI Research. He also heads up the International Academy of Astronautics’ SETI Permanent Committee. B.S. in physics from Princeton University and a Ph.D. in astrophysics from the California Institute of Technology, he has written three books on SETI,  published more than 400 popular articles on science -- including regular contributions to both the Huffington Post and Discover Magazine blogs -- gives many dozens of talks annually, and is the host of the SETI Institute’s weekly science radio show, “Big Picture Science.”

. JON RICHARDS - Senior Software Engineer at the SETI Institute concentrating on detecting SETI signals using the Allen Telescope Array (ATA), responsible for planning and implementing the observing schedule.

. CHARLES LINDSAY - Exploration Geologist , exploring non-linear experiences of time and place -  Lindsay is the SETI Institute’s AIR Program Director, a Guggenheim Fellow,  and the innovator behind OSA EARS - a project designed to deliver real time sound and data from bio-diverse eco-systems .

. DOUGLAS VAKOCH  Ph.D., is President of METI, an organization dedicated to transmitting intentional signals to nearby stars, as well as fostering sustainability of human civilization on multigenerational timescales. He is an elected member of the International Institute for Space Law, and he serves as chair of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) Study Group on Active SETI: Scientific, Technical, Societal, and Legal Dimensions. Prior to founding METI, for sixteen years Dr. Vakoch worked at the SETI Institute, where he was Director of Interstellar Message Composition.

Watch below excerpts from Interviews by Beatrix Guedes with Jill Tarter, Seth Shostak and Jon Richards for fact checking and character building for Crystalina.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crystalina's  script is based on the following scientific articles:

PARALLEL UNIVERSES

When parallel worlds collide - NewScientist 
"TWO of the strangest ideas in modern physics – that the cosmos constantly splits into parallel universes in which every conceivable outcome of every event happens, and the notion that our universe is part of a larger multiverse – have been unified into a single theory"

Physicist predicts Parallel Universes Overlap and Interact - Griffith University 
"Griffith University academics are challenging the foundations of quantum science with a radical new theory based on interactions between parallel universes. The team proposes that parallel universes really exist, and that they interact. That is, rather than evolving independently, nearby worlds influence one another by a subtle force of repulsion"

We May Have Uncovered the First Ever Evidence of the Multiverse -  Futurism /  Royal Astronomic Society
 A recent study on a space anomaly that has perplexed scientists for years has some suggesting that it could be explained by a parallel "bubble universe" — although there are other, more standard potential explanations, as well.

The Multidimensional Universe hiding inside your Brain -  Wired
The human brain is one of the most complex structures in nature, and we are still a long way from fully understanding how it works. Now, a group of researchers from the Blue Brain Project is bringing us closer to this goal using complex computer models.Its latest model describes the brain as being made up of ‘multi-dimensional’ geometrical structures and spaces.
"We found a world that we had never imagined," said neuroscientist Henry Markram, director of Blue Brain Project and professor at the EPFL in Lausanne, Switzerland.
"There are tens of millions of these objects even in a small speck of the brain, up through seven dimensions. In some networks, we even found structures with up to eleven dimensions."

The Universe has Eleven Dimensions - Dr. Michio Kaku
The physicist explains why other universes in the mulitverse could have many more dimensions—and could comprise Einstein's "Mind of God."


SETI - SEARCH FOR EXTRATERRESTRIAL INTELLIGENCE 

A powerful signal is coming from a star that's 94 light-years away - Business Insider
"The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) is looking into the star located some 94 light-years away in the constellation Hercules. Astronomers have detected an 'interesting' and possibly alien radio signal coming from the sun-like star."

A possible sign of extra-terrestrial intelligence - Reuters  (video) 

 SETI Is Investigating a Possible Extraterrestrial Signal From Deep Space - Observer
"If the signal is truly from an alien world, it’s one far more advanced than ours(...) The implications are extraordinary and point to the possibility of a civilization far more advanced than our own.
The unusual signal was originally detected on May 15, 2015, by the Russian Academy of Science-operated RATAN-600 radio telescope in Zelenchukskaya, Russia, but was kept secret from the international community. Interstellar space reporter Paul Gilster broke the story after the researchers quietly circulated a paper announcing the detection of “a strong signal in the direction of HD164595.”

Breakthrough Listen to search for intelligent life- University of Berkley
"Tabby’s star has provoked so much excitement over the past year, with speculation that it hosts a highly advanced civilization capable of building orbiting megastructures to capture the star’s energy, that UC Berkeley’s Breakthrough Listen project is devoting hours of time on the Green Bank radio telescope to see if it can detect any signals from intelligent extraterrestrials"

NASA announces one of Saturn's moons could support alien life - NASA
"Chemicals and "almost all the ingredients" necessary for life on Earth have been found on Enceladus, suggesting there might be living things under its icy shell. The new findings came from the Cassini spacecraft, which is studying Saturn "

 


THE AURORA BOREALIS - ELECTROMAGNETIC DISCHARGE

Themis mission
"NASA's THEMIS is a 2-year mission consisting of 5 identical probes that will study the violent colorful eruptions of Auroras  . Themis aims to resolve one of the oldest mysteries in space physics, namely to determine what physical process in near-Earth space initiates the eruptions of the aurora that occur during substorms in the Earth's magnetosphere"

Tracking the Earth’s magnetic field in Northern Lights
Physicists are keen on solving the mysteries of the Earth’s magnetic field. Their curiosity has a practical side – when solar storms that create the aurora are bent by the magnetic field, it can affect technologies that modern civilization depends on.  Solar eruptions create tremendous storms of electrical solar winds. These winds shoot in all directions, and some of the charged particles are sucked into our planet’s magnetic field. These surges can be devastating for GPS use, telecommunications and vital power supplies - or just about everything that provides the underpinnings for modern life.

The impact of solar flares on the human mood and psyche

One explanation for the correlation is that solar storms desynchronize our circadian rhythm (biological clock). The pineal gland in our brain is affected by the electromagnetic activity. This causes the gland to produce excess melatonin, and melatonin is the brain’s built in “downer” that helps us sleep. “The circadian regulatory system depends on repeated environmental cues to [synchronize] internal clocks,” says psychiatrist Kelly Posner, Columbia University. “Magnetic fields may be one of these environmental cues.”

 

CRYSTALS AND ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS

Scientists show that it is possible to fully absorb electromagnetic radiation using an anisotropic crystal - Science Daily
"It is possible to fully absorb electromagnetic radiation using an anisotropic crystal, report scientists. Electromagnetic energy harvesting in the visible spectrum is very important for photovoltaics -- the conversion of solar energy into direct current electricity. Absorbing materials in the microwave range of frequencies have an application that is equally as important, say scientists who are now able to reduce the radar visibility of an aircraft"


Anisotropy and Crystal Structure
"Quartz is an electrical insulator, as there are no freely movable electrons in its crystal structure like in metals. Nevertheless quartz shows an interesting behavior when exposed to electric fields : Piezoelectricity . When piezoelectric materials are mechanically deformed, their surfaces get electrically charged. The reverse is also true: the same materials will get deformed when put into an electric field. Piezoelectricity is  once again an anisotropic property that can be found in certain types of crystals, but not in amorphous substances, and that  is dependent on the direction of forces.  Magnetic Properties : Quartz is diamagnetic. It will be forced out of a magnetic field” 

Controlling electromagnetic fields with graded photonic crystals in metamaterial regime
"Engineering of a refractive index profile is a powerful method for controlling electromagnetic fields. In this paper, we investigate possible realization of isotropic gradient refractive index media at optical frequencies using two-dimensional graded photonic crystals. They consist of dielectric rods with spatially varying radii and can be homogenized in broad frequency range within the lowest band."

Modelling of Nematic Liquid Crystals in Electromagnetic Fields - The Optical Society
" The paper elaborates a dynamic scheme which accounts for the evolution of nematic liquid crystals. The liquid crystal is allowed to be compressible and subject to the action of mechanical and electromagnetic forces. The temperature is also involved and is allowed to vary in space and time. The equation of macroscopic motion and the evolution equation for the degree of orientation, the director and the temperature are derived. The approach is developed within a thermodynamic frame-work by regarding the degree of orientation and the director as internal variables. This implies that the evolution functions follow as a consequence of the requirements placed by thermodynamics and without any appeal to ad-hoc balance equations"

Electromagnetic Waves - Physics Forum
"Radio waves, Light waves, thermal radiation, X ray, visible light, microwave, infrared, gamma rays etc. are the example of electromagnetic waves. These waves together form the electromagnetic spectrum.  Electromagnetic radiation is the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves. Basically it is the movement of waves from one place to another. For example: X rays and Gamma rays. In order to transfer energy E. R act on the particular stuff to cause of initiate the chemical reactions. It can break bonds by exceeding the activation energy. They can break or make bonds"

Magnetic and Electric Effects on Water - London South Bank University
Due to the partial covalency of water's hydrogen bonding, electrons are not held by individual molecules but are easily distributed amongst water clusters giving rise to coherent regions capable of interacting with local electric and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation



HYPNOSIS, THE BRAIN AND ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS 

Hypnosis, Memory and the Brain - Scientific American
"A new study points to specific areas of the brain affected by hypnosis."

A Quantum Field Theory of Neuropsychotherapy
"Using a Burr–Lane–Nims microvoltmeter, 60 standing potential records of 20 subjects were taken. Although results of spot determinations were sometimes equivocal, continuous EMF [electromagnetic force] tracings, using the combined microvoltmeter and General Electric photoelectric recorder at a speed of 1 in./min, with one electrode on the forehead and the other on the palm of either hand, seem to provide a reliable quantitative index of trance depth. During hypnosis, the EMF tracing becomes more regular, and potential difference either gradually increases or decreases in magnitude. At trance termination, there is usually a dramatic voltage shift, and the tracing eventually returns to that of the normal waking state"

Scientists are exploring a Link between our Minds and the Quantum world.
British physicist Roger Penrose who pointed out that, observer effect aside, quantum mechanics may be involved in consciousness. More specifically, he thought it might be possible that quantum events cause molecular structures in the brain to alter their state and trigger neurons in different ways; that literal quantum effects within the brain exist.
 
Synchronous firing and its influence on the brain's electromagnetic field: Evidence for an electromagnetic field theory of consciousness - PhilPapers - Journal of Consciousness Studies
"The human brain consists of approximately 100 billion electrically active neurones that generate an endogenous electromagnetic field, whose role in neuronal computing has not been fully examined. The source, magnitude and likely influence of the brain's endogenous em field are here considered. An estimate of the strength and magnitude of the brain's em field is gained from theoretical considerations, brain scanning and microelectrode data"
  
The function of the various brainwaves - Scientific American
"It is well known that the brain is an electrochemical organ; researchers have speculated that a fully functioning brain can generate as much as 10 watts of electrical power. Other more conservative investigators calculate that if all 10 billion interconnected nerve cells discharged at one time that a single electrode placed on the human scalp would record something like five millionths to 50 millionths of a volt. If you had enough scalps hooked up you might be able to light a flashlight bulb.
Even though this electrical power is very limited, it does occur in very specific ways that are characteristic of the human brain. Electrical activity emanating from the brain is displayed in the form of brainwaves. There are four categories of these brainwaves, ranging from the most activity to the least activity"

Mathematics and the Psychedelic Revolution - Ralph Abraham
"About the time that chaos theory was discovered by the scientific community, and the chaos revolution began in 1978, I apprenticed myself to a neurophysiologist and tried to construct brain models made out of the basic objects of chaos theory. I built a vibrating fluid machine to visualize vibrations in transparent media, because I felt on the basis of direct experience that the Hindu metaphor of vibrations was important and valuable. I felt that we could learn more about consciousness, communication, resonance, and the emergence of form and pattern in the physical, biological, social and intellectual worlds, through actually watching vibrations in transparent media ordinarily invisible, and making them visible.

 

The human brain sees the world as an 11-dimensional multiverse - The New York Post

New research suggests that the human brain is almost beyond comprehension because it doesn’t process the world in two dimensions or even three. No, the human brain understands the visual world in up to 11 different dimensions. The astonishing discovery helps explain why even cutting-edge technologies like functional MRIs have such a hard time explaining what is going on inside our noggins. In a functional MRI, brain activity is monitored and represented as a three-dimensional image that changes over time. However, if the brain is actually working in 11 dimensions, looking at a 3D functional MRI and saying that it explains brain activity would be like looking at the shadow of a head of a pin and saying that it explains the entire universe, plus a multitude of other dimensions.

 

EHS - ELECTROMAGNETIC HYPERSENSIBILITY

What Are The Symptoms Of Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity?"The first cases of Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity (often referred to as electro-hypersensitivity or even EHS) were studied in the 1970s and yet decades later few people are even aware of the condition. We living human beings are more than just flesh and blood; we are also a highly complex electromagnetic system. This also means that we interact with external electromagnetic radiation (EMR). But try switching off every single electrical device in your home and work and ponder on how dependent we now are on these devices. The problem is that no importance is given to how detrimental all this EMR is to human health"

LIFE AROUND THE TELESCOPES

To Study the Stars, This Town Went Off the Grid - National Geographic

Worlds collide in Green Bank, West Virginia, which sits deep inside a radio-free zone established in 1958.Radio and wifi are largely forbidden within the zone; restrictions are even tighter around the observatory. Vehicles servicing the facility’s collection of telescopes are part of a fleet of relics from the 1950s and 1960s or are trucks with diesel engines—spark plugs in today's gas engines create interference that clogs the data astronomers are hoping to net. This is also why cell phones, cordless phones, and digital cameras are prohibited on-site, why the rare microwave ovens sit inside interference-blocking metal cages, and why people who live and work in Green Bank actually talk to each other in person.